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Table 1 Professional status as measure of social mobility between childhood, adolescence and late adulthood

From: Socioeconomic decline and advancement within and between generations and the risk of stroke - a case-control study

Variable Category Cases n = 466 Controls n = 807 Model variant
Model 1a Model 2b Model 3c
Fathers´ profession vs. subjects´ professional training Advancement 90 (19.3%) 243 (30.1%) 0.50 (0.37–0.67) 0.58 (0.41–0.81) 0.67 (0.45–0.99)
No change 330 (70.8%) 460 (57.0%) 1.00 1.00 1.00
Descent 46 (9.9%) 104 (12.9%) 0.64 (0.43–0.95) 0.76 (0.48–1.20) 0.95 (0.59–1.53)
Fathers´ profession vs. subjects´ last profession Advancement 110 (23.6%) 296 (36.7%) 0.52 (0.40–0.69) 0.65 (0.47–0.89) 0.77 (0.52–1.13)
No change 312 (67.0%) 423 (52.4%) 1.00 1.00 1.00
Descent 44 (9.4%) 88 (10.9%) 0.68 (0.45–1.02) 0.80 (0.50–1.28) 1.00 (0.61–1.63)
Professional training vs. last profession Advancement 50 (10.7%) 68 (8.4%) 1.18 (0.79–1.78) 1.07 (0.67–1.72) 0.77 (0.44–1.34)
No change 355 (76.2%) 607 (75.2%) 1.00 1.00 1.00
Descent 61 (13.1%) 132 (16.4%) 0.87 (0.61–1.23) 0.96 (0.64–1.44) 0.95 (0.61–1.48)
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. alogistic regression model, conditioned on age (2-year age intervals) and sex
  3. b additionally adjusted for hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolemia, atrial fibrillation, coronary heart disease, peripheral arterial disease, cardiac failure, number of teeth, smoking, alcohol consumption, dentist visits, physical activity, fruit consumption, vegetable consumption
  4. c additionally adjusted for socioeconomic scores in childhood, adolescence, and adulthood [2]