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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of de novo Parkinson patients

From: Conditioned pain modulation in drug-naïve patients with de novo Parkinson’s disease

Parameters Patient characteristics (n = 17)
mean +/− standard deviation [Min - Max]
Age 61.9 years +/−  9.8 [42–75 years]
Gender 10 male, 7 female
Handedness 16 right-handed, 1 left-handed
Hoehn & Yahr Scale (H & Y) - H & Y stage I: 4 patients
- H & Y stage II/ II.5: 12 patients
- H & Y stage III: 1 patients
PD subtype - akinetic-rigid: 5 patients
- tremor-dominant: 9 patients
- mixed type: 3 patients
Clinically most affected half of the body - right: 4 patients
- left: 13 patients
Disease duration (months since first time occurrence of symptoms prior to study) 18 months +/− SD 15.8 [4–60 months]
Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) – total score 30.4 +/−  11.6 [15–48]
Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) – motor score 21.2 +/−  8.3 [9–33]