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Table 1 Take-away-points

From: How to use and assess qualitative research methods

Types of research problemsData collectionData analysis
• Assessing complex multi-component interventions or systems (of change)
• What works for whom when, how and why?
• Focussing on intervention improvement
• Document study
• Observations (participant or non-participant)
• Interviews (especially semi-structured)
• Focus groups
• Transcription of audio-recordings and field notes into transcripts and protocols
• Coding of protocols
• Using qualitative data management software
Mixed and multi-methodHow to assessHow not to assess
• Combinations of quantitative and/or qualitative methods, e.g.:
convergent parallel: quali and quanti in parallel
explanatory sequential: quanti followed by quali
exploratory sequential: quali followed by quanti
• Checklists
• Reflexivity
• Sampling strategies
• Piloting
• Co-coding
• Member checking
• Stakeholder involvement
• Protocol adherence
• Sample size
• Randomization
• Interrater reliability, variability and other “objectivity checks”
• Not being quantitative research