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Table 2 Demographics and baseline clinical characteristics

From: Vojta therapy improves postural control in very early stroke rehabilitation: a randomised controlled pilot trial

 Vojta group
(n = 20)
Control group
(n = 20)
Sex
 Female11 (55%)9 (45%)
 Male9 (45%)11 (55%)
Age, median (IQR)77 (72.5–85)72.5 (64–78)
Risk factors
 Hypertension15 (75%)16 (80%)
 Diabetes mellitus5 (25%)3 (15%)
 Smokera3 (15%)4 (20%)
 Artrial fibrillation4 (20%)3 (15%)
 Orthopaedic diseaseb9 (45%)1 (5%)
Right handedness20 (100%)19 (95%)
Prior stroke5 (25%)7 (35%)
Premorbid history
 Premorbid mRS, median (IQR)0 (0–2)0·(0–1.5)
 Premorbid mRS, mean (SD)0.9 (1.25)0.65 (1.09)
 Walking without aid14 (70%)16 (80%)
Stroke history
 Ischaemic stroke20 (100%)19 (95%)
 Haemorrhagic stroke0 (0%)1 (5%)
 Left MCA infarct2 (10%)8 (42%)
 Right MCA infarct17 (85%)10 (53%)
 Brainstem infarct1 (5%)0 (0%)
 Other or multiple locationsc0 (0%)1 (5%)
 NIHSS at admission14.5 (12–16)12 (8.5–15)
 rtPA treatment administered8 (40%)5 (26%)
 Thrombectomy performed7 (35%)5 (26%)
 Patients with neglect16 (80%)11 (55%)
Scores at baseline, median (IQR)
 Trunk control test25 (0–43)56 (42.5–87)
 MESUPES2 (0–5.0)3 (1–10.5)
 CBS4 (3–5.5)3 (2–4)
 modified Rankin Scale5 (4–5)4 (4–5)
 Barthel Index3 (0–3.5)5 (1–9)
 NIHSS after randomisation15 (12.5–16.5)11.5 (10–14.9)
  1. Data are n (%) or median (interquartile range, IQR)
  2. mRS modified Rankin Scale, MCA middle cerebral artery, rtPA recombinant tissue plasminogen activator, MESUPES Motor Evaluation Scale for Upper Extremity in Stroke Patients (part 1 to 4 = MESUPES-arm), CBS Catherine Bergego Scale (part 5 and 6), NIHSS National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale, SD standard deviation
  3. asmoker defined as current smoker or quit smoking in the last past 2 years. bPrior known orthopaedic diseases: hip or knee arthroplasty, coxalgia, gonarthrosis, surgery after lumbar disc hernation, sciatic pain syndrome and stenosis of the spinal canal. cboth MCA territories, right posterior territory and left cerebellum