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Table 1 Demographics, vascular risk factors and index stroke data of patients admitted in calendar weeks 12–17 in 2019 and 2020

From: Decreased admissions and change in arrival mode in patients with cerebrovascular events during the first surge of the COVID-19 pandemic

  2019 (n = 115) 2020 (n = 69) P value
Demographics
 Age, mean (±SD) 75.0 (12.3) 75.9 (12.5) 0.63
 Gender, male, n (%) 51 (44.3) 35 (50.7) 0.40
Vascular risk factors
 Hypertension 85 (73.9) 56 (82.4) 0.19
 Diabetes 34 (29.6) 17 (25.0) 0.51
 Coronary heart disease 19 (16.5) 12 (17.6) 0.85
 Peripheral vascular disease 6 (5.2) 1 (1.5) 0.26
 Hyperlipoproteinemia 13 (11.3) 6 (8.8) 0.60
 Smoking 21 (18.3) 10 (14.7) 0.54
Index stroke
 Mode of admission    0.001
 Self-presenting, n (%) 28 (24.3) 4 (5.8)  
 Admitted by ambulance, n (%) 87 (75.7) 65 (94.2)  
 Symptom-to-door time, min (±SD) 235.7 (364.8) 244.9 (215.6) 0.88
Type of stroke
 Ischemic stroke, n (%) 112 (97.4) 67 (97.1) 1.00
 TIA 31 (27.0) 12 (17.4) 0.14
 Minor ischemic strokea, b 32 (28.3) 23 (34.3) 0.40
 Intracerebral hemorrhage, n (%) 3 (2.6) 2 (2.9) 1.00
 NIHSS score, mean (±SD) 6.2 (7.8) 4.7 (5.6) 0.92
 Reperfusion therapy, n (%) 32 (27.8) 19 (27.5) 0.97
 IVT only 23 (20.0) 11 (15.9) 0.49
 IVT door-to-needle time, min (±SD) 30.4 (13.5) 28.4 (6.4) 0.56
 Mechanical thrombectomy (with or without IVT) 9 (7.8) 8 (11.6) 0.93
  1. aminor stroke defined as NIHSS score between 1 and 3
  2. bNIHSS score data available of 113 patients from 2019 and of 67 patients from 2020, percentages adapted accordingly
  3. NIHSS National Institute of Health Scale, IVT Intravenous thrombolysis, SD Standard deviation, TIA Transient ischemic attack