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Table 15 CSF parameter of AE

From: S1 guidelines “lumbar puncture and cerebrospinal fluid analysis” (abridged and translated version)

Antigen Pleocytosis in CSF (%) Dysfunction of the blood/CSF barrier (%) CSF-specific OCBs (%) Detection of disease-specific antibody References
Serum CSF
NMDAR 70-90 ~ 30 50-70 (+) + [33, 81]
AMPAR 50-70 40-60 ~ 30 +/(+) + [71, 93]
GABAAR 40-70 20-70 20-30 + + [141, 158]
GABABR 60-70 30-40 60 + + [62, 70, 91, 134]
GlyR 0-40 ~ 50 20-30 + + [29, 115]
LGI1 10-20 20-30 < 10 + (+) [52, 77, 82, 101, 156, 157]
CASPR2 30-70 n.b. ~ 40 + (+) [22, 52, 94]
DPPX 20-60 ~ 30 ~ 30 + + [13, 65, 170]
IgLON5 0-30 30-50 0-10 + + [53, 74, 151]
GAD65 0-20 10-30 0-70 + + [15, 46, 73, 112]