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Table 2 General and neurological symptoms and neurological examination of patients with COVID-19

From: Neurological symptoms in COVID-19: a cross-sectional monocentric study of hospitalized patients

  Total
N (%)
With ARDS
N (%)
Without ARDS N (%) p-value
General symptoms
 Number of patients 53 28 25  
 Fever 13 (24.5) 3 (10.7) 10 (40) .013
 Dyspnoea 25 (47.2) 20 (71.4) 5 (20) .00001
 Cough 1 (1.9) 0 1 (4) .895
 Diarrhea 4 (7.5) 2 (7.1) 2 (8) .906
 Myocardial infarction 2 (3.8) 1 (3.6) 1 (4) .937
 Syncope 2 (3.8) 2 (7.1) 0 .447
 Bedridden 21 (39.6) 19 (67.9) 2 (8) <.00001
 Othera 9 (17) 0 9 (36) .001
Neurological symptoms
 Hyposmia/anosmia 14 (26.4) 2 (7.1) 12 (48) .003
 Ageusia 8 (15.1) 1 (3.6) 7 (28) .092
 Encephalopathy 2 (3.8) 1 (3.6) 1 (4) .934
 Headache 11 (20.6) 3 (10.7) 8 (32) .058
 Vertigo/dizziness 6 (11.3) 1 (3.6) 5 (20) .032
 Nausea/emesis 2 (3.8) 1 (3.6) 1 (4) .726
 Neuralgia 7 (13.2) 3 (10.7) 4 (16) .434
 General muscle weakness/pain 17 (32.1) 8 (28.6) 9 (36) .525
Neurological examination
 Delirium 7 (13.2) 5 (17.9) 2 (8) .260
 Impairment in orientation 6 (11.3) 1 (3.6) 5 (20) .073
 Anisocoria 9 (17) 8 (28.6) 1 (4) .019
 Ptosis 2 (3.8) 2 (7.1) 0 .274
 Nystagmus 1 (1.9) 1 (3.6) 0 .528
 Dysarthria 2 (3.8) 2 (7.1) 0 .274
 Aphasia 4 (7.5) 3 (10.7) 1 (4) .350
 Dysphagia 1 (1.9) 1 (3.6) 0 .528
 Neglect (tactile) 2 (3.8) 0 2 (8) .218
 Meningism 1 (1.9) 1 (3.6) 0 .528
 Abnormal function CN III 8 (15.1) 6 (21.4) 2 (8) .164
 Abnormal eye movement 8 (15.1) 6 (21.4) 2 (8) .164
 Abnormal function CN V 1 (1.9) 1 (3.6) 0 (0) .528
 Abnormal function CN VII 4 (7.5) 3 (10.7) 1 (4) .395
 Paresis 25 (47.2) 19 (67.9) 6 (24) .001
 Abnormal fine motor skills 6 (11.3) 5 (17.9) 1 (4) .123
 Tremor 3 (5.6) 2 (7.1) 1 (4) .633
 Spasticity 2 (3.8) 0 2 (8) .218
 Abnormal deep tendon reflexes 24 (45.3) 18 (64.3) 6 (24) .011
 Babinski sign 8 (15.1) 7 (25) 1 (4) .037
 Sensory deficit 24 (45.3) 16 (57.1) 8 (32) .034
 Impairment in coordination 39 (73.6) 21 (75) 18 (72) .525
 Unsteady gait 13 (24.5) 5 (17.9) 8 (32) .232
 Cerebellar symptoms 2 (3.8) 1 (3.6) 1 (4) .726
 Bladder dysfunction 3 (5.6) 2 (7.1) 1 (4) .089
  1. ARDS Acute respiratory distress syndrome
  2. aother symptoms caused by other acute diseases independent of COVID-19, e.g. gastrointestinal bleeding