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Table 4 Outcomes

From: Emergency intubation during thrombectomy for acute ischemic stroke in patients under primary procedural sedation

  not intubated emergently intubated p-value
n 140 20  
Occurrence of at least 20% drop in MAP, n (%) 65 (47.1) 17 (89.5) 0.001
Durations
 EVT procedure, mean ± SD, minutes 88.8 ± 55.0 128.8 ± 69.9 0.004
 Groin-to-reperfusion, mean ± SD, minutes 66.9 ± 55.9 107.8 ± 72.6 0.0038
 Stay in ICU, mean ± SD, hours 11.8 ± 46.93 69.3 ± 75.4 < 0.001
 Intubated state, mean, SD, hours   35.7 ± 72.2  
 Intubated state, median, IQR, hours   8.3, 4.1–28.75  
 Hospital stay, mean ± SD, hours 143.1 ± 96.7 159.2 ± 118.3 0.500
Successful reperfusion
 mTICI 2b-3, n (%) 124 (88.6) 14 (70.0) 0.0241
Clinical outcomes
 NIHSS at 24 h, mean ± SD 10.4 ± 9.4 19.9 ± 13.7 < 0.001
 ΔNIHSS (at 24 - on admission) −3.2 ± 9.1 1.4 ± 11.9 0.047
mRS at 3 months, n (%) a
 0–2 51 (37.0) 2 (10.5) 0.022
  > 2 87 (63.0) 17 (89.5)
In-house mortality, n (%) 9 (6.4) 6 (30.0) 0.001
3 month mortality, n (%) a 32 (23.2) 7 (36.8) 0.197
Cause of death, n (% of patients died)
 Cerebral 16 (50.0) 6 (85.7) 0.169
 Non-cerebral 6 (18.8) 1 (14.3)
 Unclear 10 (31.2) 0 (0.0)
  1. a missing values of 2 patients of the not intubated group and 1 in the emergently intubated group. Student’s t-test was used for continuous variables and Chi-squared test for categorical variables. ICU intensive care unit, MAP mean arterial pressure, mRS modified Rankin Scale, NIHSS National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale, mTICI modified thrombolysis in cerebral infarction