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Table 1 Demographic and medical characteristics of the study population

From: Effects of state-wide implementation of the Los Angeles Motor Scale for triage of stroke patients in clinical practice

   Triage decision Transport destinationa
Total (n = 1123) CSC (n = 188) PSC (n = 935) CSC (n = 424) PSC (n = 699)
Demographic and prehospital data
 Age, years; median (IQR) 78 (68–85) 74 (66–83) 79 (68–85) 76 (66–84) 80 (69–85)
 Male sex, n (%) 565 (50.3) 97 (51.6) 468 (50.1) 218 (51.4) 347 (49.6)
 Symptom onset to call, min; median (IQR) 55 (11–353) 19 (6–126) 68 (14–406) 36 (8–233) 74 (15–426)
LAMS, n/total n (%)
 LAMS< 4 855/1123 (80.4) 49/855 (5.7) 806/855 (94.3) 269/855 (31.5) 586/855 (68.5)
 LAMS≥4 208/1123 (19.6) 135/208 (64.9) 73/208 (35.1) 140/208 (67.3) 68/208 (32.7)
NIHSS admission, median (IQR)
 All 4 (1–8) 10 (5–17) 3 (1–6) 5 (2–11) 3 (1–6)
 Patients with strokes 4 (2–8) 8 (5–16) 3 (1–6) 5 (2–10) 3 (1–6)
Discharge diagnoses, n (%)
 Ischaemic stroke 644 (57.3) 119 (63.3) 525 (56.1) 254 (59.9) 390 (55.8)
     LVO stroke 78 (6.9) 54 (28.7) 24 (2.6) 58 (13.7) 20 (2.9)
 Intracranial haemorrhage 84 (7.5) 28 (14.9) 45 (4.8) 56 (13.2) 39 (5.6)
 Stroke mimics 395 (35.2) 41 (21.8) 354 (37.9) 125 (29.5) 270 (38.6)
  Epileptic seizure 85 (7.6) 21 (11.2) 64 (6.8) 38 (9.0) 47 (6.7)
  Migraine 11 (1.0) 1 (0.5) 11 (1.2) 3 (0.7) 8 (1.1)
  Vestibulopathy 31 (2.8) 0 31 (3.3) 9 (2.1) 22 (3.1)
  Infection 52 (4.6) 4 (2.1) 48 (5.1) 19 (4. 5) 33 (4.7)
  Exsiccosis 17 (1.5) 0 17 (1.8) 4 (0.9) 13 (1.9)
  Delirium 31 (2.8) 0 31 (3.3) 8 (1.9) 23 (3.3)
  Hypertensive crisis 6 (0.5) 1 (0.5) 5 (0.5) 2 (0.5) 4 (0.6)
  Peripheral facial palsy 11 (1.0) 0 11 (1.2) 6 (1.4) 5 (0.7)
  Intoxication 6 (0.5) 1 (0.5) 5 (0.5) 2 (0.5) 4 (0.6)
  Syncope 18 (1.6) 1 (0.5) 17 (1.8) 4 (0.9) 14 (2.0)
  Other 86 (7.7) 12 (6.4) 74 (7.9) 31 (7.3) 55 (7.9)
  1. CSC Comprehensive stroke centre, PSC Primary stroke centre, IQR Interquartile range, LAMS Los Angeles Motor Scale, NIHSS National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale, mRS Modified Rankin Scale, LVO Large-vessel occlusion
  2. a Including CSCs serving as PSCs if they are the closest stroke centre at all