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Table 1 Distribution of patients’ characteristics in the three-class model

From: Profiles of patients’ self-reported health after acute stroke

  Mild-Class
N = 487
Moderate-Class
N = 112
Severe-Class
N = 51
Variable
Age, mean (SD) 70.84 (12.76) 74.62 (12.02) 78.61 (10.48)
Gender
 Female 224 (46.0%) 53 (47.3%) 33 (64.7%)
 Male 263 (54.0%) 59 (52.7%) 18 (35.3%)
Living situation: alone 174 (35.7%) 38 (33.9%) 26 (56.5%)
Living location (at 90d)
 At home without external support 381 (88.2%) 54 (57.4%) 3 (7.7%)
Stroke type
 Acute ischemic stroke 323 (66.3%) 91 (81.3%) 41 (80.4%)
 Intracranial hemorrhage 22 (4.5%) 9 (8.0%) 9 (17.6%)
 Transient ischemic stroke 142 (29.2%) 12 (10.7%) 1 (2.0%)
Lesion area
 Hemisphere left/right (%) 222/163 52/42 23/23
 Brainstem 89 (18.3%) 16 (14.3%) 3 (5.9%)
 Both hemispheres or brainstem+ 12 (2.5%) 2 (1.9%) 2 (3.9%)
MRI at initial inpatient stay 188 (38.6%) 43 (38.4%) 12 (23.5%)
Stroke severity [NIHSS] median (IQR) 1 (0;3.5) 4 (2;9) 14 (6;16)
 No stroke symptoms [0] 182 (37.4%) 10 (8.9%) 0 (0.0%)
 Mild stroke symptoms [1–4] 212 (43.5%) 49 (43.8%) 11 (21.6%)
 Mod. stroke symptoms [5–15] 81 (16.6%) 48 (42.9%) 25 (49.0%)
 Mod. to sev. Stroke symptoms [16–21] 8 (1.6%) 4 (3.6%) 10 (19.6%)
 Severe stroke symptoms [21–42] 4 (.8%) 1 (.9%) 5 (9.8%)
Stroke treatment
 Thrombolysis 88 (18.1%) 25 (22.3%) 13 (25.5%)
 Endovascular thrombectomy 49 (14.9%) 16 (17.4%) 19 (46.3%)
Cardio-vascular risk factors
 Prior ischemic stroke 81 (16.6%) 22 (19.8%) 10 (20.0%)
 Prior transient ischemic stroke 18 (3.7%) 6 (5.4%) 0 (0.0%)
 Prior myocardial infarction 32 (6.6%) 14 (12.5%) 1 (2.0%)
 Coronary artery disease 57 (11.8%) 7 (6.3%) 6 (12.0%)
 Atrial fibrillation 71 (14.6%) 35 (31.5%) 17 (34.0%)
 Diabetes mellitus 62 (12.8%) 27 (24.3%) 11 (22.0%)
 Hypertension 290 (59.9%) 75 (67.6%) 37 (74.0%)
 Hyperlipidemia 67 (14.2%) 14 (12.8%) 3 (6.3%)
 Smoking 100 (21.8%) 18 (18.6%) 4 (9.8%)
Length of stay, mean (SD) 5.74 (4.60) 8.92 (6.45) 11.12 (9.73)
Discharge destination: Back home 381 (78.6%) 42 (37.5%) 5 (9.8%)
Stroke recurrence within 12 months 66 (13.6%) 21 (18.8%) 11 (21.6%)
  1. Abbreviations: N number, SD Standard deviation, NIHSS National Institute of Health Stroke Scale