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Table 2 Mean JCS score, LOS, fatalities, fatalities in 24 h, mRS, and discharge during the COVID-19 pandemic period

From: Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on emergency admission for patients with stroke: a time series study in Japan

Variables Pre-COVID-19 period COVID-19 period Diff SMD P value
SCU 2433 (12.3) 2153 (12.7) 0.4 0.01 0.336
IVT, N, % 1125 (5.7) 1096 (6.5) 0.8 0.031 0.003
MT, N, % 868 (4.4) 807 (4.8) 0.4 0.017 0.115
JCS at admission, N, %       0.071 < 0.001
 0 9813 (49.8) 7896 (46.5) − 0.33   
 1 7540 (38.3) 6897 (40.6) 2.3   
 2 1621 (8.2) 1425 (8.4) 0.2   
 3 735 (3.7) 757 (4.5) 0.8   
LOS, Mean, SD 31.32 (34.59) 28.01 (27.0) − 3.31 0.107 < 0.001
Fatalities, N, % 1070 (5.4) 878 (5.2) − 0.2 0.011 0.285
Fatalities in 24 h, N, % 37 (0.2) 66 (0.4) 0.2 0.038 < 0.001
mRS at discharge, N, %       0.041 0.03
 0 1970 (10.0) 1559 (9.2) − 0.8   
 1 4310 (21.9) 3679 (21.7) − 0.2   
 2 3493 (17.8) 3111 (18.4) 0.6   
 3 2720 (13.8) 2294 (13.6) − 0.2   
 4 3886 (19.8) 3381 (20.0) 0.2   
 5 2163 (11.0) 1997 (11.8) 0.8   
 Other 1100 (5.6) 901 (5.3) − 0.3   
Discharge destination, N, %       0.038 0.004
 Home 10,666 (54.1) 9050 (53.3) − 0.8   
 Facility 1706 (8.7) 1375 (8.1) − 0.6   
 Hospital 6252 (31.7) 5661 (33.3) 1.6   
 Other 1085 (5.5) 889 (5.2) − 0.3   
  1. SCU Stroke care unit, IVT intravenous thrombolysis, MT Mechanical thrombectomy, LOS length of hospital stay, JCS Japan Coma Scale, mRS modified Ranking Scale