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Table 1 Patient characteristics including mean CHA2DS2VASc -score

From: Second look Holter ECG in neurorehabilitation

GroupIschemic stroke admitted to neuro-rehabilitation without diagnosis of AFIschemic stroke admitted to neuro-rehabilitation with diagnosis of AFHemorrhagic strokeGroup comparison
Number of patients302206100 
Mean age + SD74 + 978 + 1072 + 11F = 15.36
p = .001 a
Prevalence of stroke risk factors on CHA2DS2VASc
 Congestive heart failure15%22%9%X2 = 8.61
p = .01 b
 Hypertension95%98%86%X2 = 17.52
P = .001 b
 Age > 75 years48%72%48%X2 = 31.41
P = .001 b
 Age 65–74 years37%20%31%X2 = 15.20
P = .001 b
 Diabetes mellitus21%22%17%X2 = 1.02
P = .60
 Stroke/ TIA/ Thrombo-embolic events100%100%3%X2 = 586.29
P = .001 b
 Vascular disease42%17%8%X2 = 60.78
P = .001 b
 Female sex47%55%51%X2 = 3.40
P = .18
Mean Total CHA2DS2VASc –score
 Mean score + SD5.52 ± 1.285.78 ± 1.183.03 ± 1.30F = 182.57,
P = .001 c
  1. a Pairwise post-hoc comparisons revealed hemorrhagic stroke patients were younger than both ischemic stroke patient groups (LSD, ps < .02), and ischemic stroke patients admitted with established AF were significantly older than ischemic stroke patients without AF documented during acute phase work-up (LSD, p = .001)
  2. b For Congestive heart failure, Hypertension and Stroke/TIA/Thrombo-embolic events the group effect was driven by a lower prevalence in the hemorrhagic stroke group compared to the two ischemic stroke groups. For Vascular disease sex the group effect was mainly driven by the ischemic group without established AF. For the two Age-related risk factors and Female sex the group effect was mainly driven by the ischemic group with established AF
  3. c Post-hoc comparisons showed that hemorrhagic stroke patients had a lower score than the two ischemic groups (LSD, ps < .03), and that ischemic stroke patients with no documentation of AF had a lower score than those with established AF (LSD, ps = .02)